Job Characteristics and the Turnover Intention of Novice Teachers in High-poverty Rural Areas: The Analysis of Special-Post Teachers in China
Professor Ping Du and Ran Sun, Beijing Normal University
The turnover of novice teachers in remote high-poverty areas is a global challenge. Based on the perspective of job demand-resource model, this study uses the sample survey data of Chinese special-post teachers in 2016 to explore the impact of job demands and job resources on the turnover intention of novice teachers in high-poverty rural areas in China. Descriptive analysis shows that novice teachers in high-poverty rural areas have a strong intention to turnover after three years’ tenure, with 17.76% of rural novice teachers planning to transfer to other schools and 30.59% planning to quit the teaching profession. Further, through multinomial Logit regression, it is found that students’ misbehavior (job demand) will significantly reduce the retention intention of rural novice teachers, and more likely increase their attrition intention. Heavy workload (job demand) significantly reduces the retention intention of rural novice teachers, but more likely to increase their mobility intention; competitive salary compensation (monetary job resources) and good school culture (nonmonetary job resources) will significantly increase the retention intention of rural novice teachers, and reduce their mobility and attrition intention. What’s more, nonmonetary job resources play a greater role in reducing the turnover intention of rural novice teachers. Accordingly, relevant policy suggestions are put forward to provide reference for more effectively retaining novice teachers in high-poverty rural areas.